10 Interesting Facts about Agriculture

Facts about Agriculture show you the history of farming, development and new technology in the agricultural sector. Agriculture began for the first time in 10,000 BC. People call it as the first agricultural revolution. At that time, the nomadic people began to farm the land.


1: The Founder Crops

First evidence of agriculture:- We all have a basic idea that agriculture has been started somewhere 10,000–11,000 years ago in Mesopotamia. But wait, we have a new finding. A research has been done by researchers of Harvard University & Tel Aviv University, where it has been revealed that the first evidence of agriculture is right near the Sea of Galilee (in Ohalo II) where traces of weeds have the earliest sign of agriculture and guess the time. It’s 23,000 years ago. Yes you read it right.

There were eight crops called as the founder crops which began to farm by the nomadic tribes. Those crops included peas, hulled barley, einkorn wheat, emmer wheat, bitter vetch, chick peas, and flax.

2: Subsistence farmers

Subsistence farmers grew the crops on the land used to meet their daily need for food. They grew crops without any intention to sell it in the market. Check out aboriginal food facts to know the way the indigenous people gather the food.

3: Figs

Can you guess the first fruit cultivated in the world? It was a fig.  The history states that the fruit was farmed for the first time between 6000 till 3000 BC.

4: Mary Isabel Fraser

Mary Isabel Fraser was the woman who brought the seeds of Kiwi to New Zealand. She got the kiwi seeds when she visited China in the beginning of 1900s. In 1910, she grew the first crop of kiwi in New Zealand. It seems that this fruit became popular. Today the producer which covers 1/3 of kiwi production in the world is New Zealand.

5: The Most Popular Fruit Crop

Can you guess the most popular fruit crop? It is banana.  In the overall crops, banana is located in the fourth position after wheat, rice and corn.

Facts about Agriculture 6: growing banana

Banana is grown in more than 100 countries in the world. The top producers of banana in the world include Philippines, China and Equator. Apple is another popular fruit to farm in the world. The biggest producers of apples are China, United States, and Iran, Turkey, Russia and Italy. There are at least 6000 varieties of apples produced in the world.

7: Great Leap Forward

Did you heard about Great Leap Forward? It was a plan of Mao Zedong in China during 1958–1960 targeted for making China a more industrial country. This plan was backfired and failed miserably due to many reason which we will discuss in one of our next article. One of the main reason was to doing agriculture on the process which was not meant for it. As a result, there was an severe famine which led to death of 14 million people(officially declared) but many scholars think this figure is substantially underestimated.

8: Cotton

Cotton is a great commodity. It is estimated the cotton farm occupies 2.4 percent of the land in the world. But it is also responsible for global sales of 11 till 24 percent of pesticides and insecticides.

9: Bees

Bees are important in agriculture. Do you know that bees are the pollinators for more 100 agricultural crops in United States?

10: 30% of the 3.3 million farm operators are women. 

Women farm operators have increased 20% from 2002, and more than 75% of women farm operators are owners of their land. Globally, 70% of all farmers are women.